Sewing machines can seem overly complicated for novice sewers who are just getting started. There are many different components and terms used to describe sewing machines and all the wonderful things that they can do and create. Below we have compiled a list of terms that are essential in understanding sewing machines.
- Bobbin: The bobbin is a tiny spool of thread located at the bottom of the plate that works in sync with the needle to form a stitch. Bobbins must be wound and inserted into the machine before they can work properly.
- Buttonhole: This is exactly how it sounds. This is a hole sewn where a button is put through. Most new sewing machines will create buttonholes automatically.
- Foot Pedal: The foot petal is the part of the machine where you press your foot so that the needle will work. Most sewers prefer to keep their pedals on the floor for comfort reasons. The foot pedal offers a more controlled sewing experience.
- Hem: The hem is a pattern that is sewn to the bottom or end or clothing to give it a more secure stitch.
- Lining: The lining is a thin layer of fabric that goes underneath the article of fabric that you are sewing. It is like the inner lining of a skirt. It gives the fabric more substance and keeps the original print from being see through.
- Pin: Pins have been used in sewing since before the time of sewing machines. Pins are used to help hold fabrics exactly where they need to be. It is important to place pins where they will not get in the way of the sewing machine needle and where you can easily move them out of your way if you need them to be moved.
- Presser Foot: The presser foot is a metal piece close the needle. You lower the presser foot on the fabric before you begin and it is kept in place until you are finishing sewing the fabric. It helps keep the fabric in place to ensure the perfect stitch.
- Sewing Machine Needles: Sewing machine needles are not the same as best traditional sewing needles. Sewing needles are specialized needles that are inserted into sewing machines do conduct your sewing for you. The universal needle is the standard sewing machine needle because they are heavy duty needles. It is important to always have extra sewing machine needles on hand.